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A Cheese Lover’s Guide to Buying the Perfect Cheeses

There’s nothing that says “I’m an adult” better than knowing how to buy the perfect cheeses. Unfortunately, this is an acquired skill that takes a great deal of know-how. If you’ve ever walked into the supermarket specialty cheese section, looked at the offerings, then walked away without buying anything, you’re not alone. The selection of different kinds of cheese is overwhelming at best, if not totally mystifying.

Luckily, we’ve put together a comprehensive guide to help you become a better cheese buyer. Read on, cheese lovers:

Befriend the Cheesemonger

The first thing you must do if you’re hoping to learn more about cheeses is befriend the cheesemonger. This is the man or woman who staffs the specialty cheese section or gourmet cheese store, and his or her job is to teach people about cheeses, help them taste different types, and guide them to buy exactly the ones they need. Cheesemongers are the sommeliers of the cheese world—they’ll help you understand flavor profiles, make pairings, and choose accompaniments.

Know What You’re Looking At

Next step to buying cheese? Know how to classify it. Now, there isn’t one classification system when it comes to cheeses. They can be categorized for a variety of reasons, including based on what milk they’re made of and where they’re from. However, most people agree there are a few basic types of cheeses:

Fresh Cheese

Think chevre, ricotta, mozzarella, burrata, and goat cheese. Fresh cheeses aren’t aged, and they’re usually used in recipes or salads rather than displayed on a cheese board.

Soft-Ripened Cheese

Soft cheeses, like brie, Camembert, and robiola, are known for their very creamy textures and hard outer shells. These cheeses usually—but not always—have relatively mild flavors, which means they’re perfect for serving at a party. Prepare a wheel of brie in a Brie and Garlic Baker, and serve it alongside a rich jam or a sweet and spicy marmalade.

Brie and garlic baker with baked brie.Soft cheeses, like brie, sometimes have less assertive flavors, making them perfect to serve at a party.

Semisoft Cheese

Semisoft cheeses include some of the names you’ll probably recognize the most, like Gouda, Monterey Jack, havarti, and Oka. These tend to be crowd-pleasers, and they work well on a cheese board or in other recipes.

Semihard or Firm Cheese

Semihard or firm cheeses make up the largest category, which includes cheddar, provolone, Emmentaler, and some Goudas. They’re easy to slice or melt, making them good for cooking—these are the cheeses you’d want to use on a hamburger.

Hard Cheese

The hardest cheeses, like Parmagiano-Reggiano or aged cheddar, typically have sharp flavors, and are perfect shredded on top of a dish or served in a block on a cheese board. They’re good to pair with softer flavors, like fresh pears, apples, or dried cranberries.

Blue Cheese

Blue-veined cheeses include Cashel Blue, Gorgonzola, Roquefort, and any other aged cheeses with pockets of mold. These typically have the most intense and assertive flavors and are often combined with sweet or earthy flavors, like fresh fruit and nuts.

Remember, if you’re putting together a cheese board, aim for a variety of cheese types. Choose three to five different cheeses, and arrange them on a pretty dish or platter, along with your choice of crackers, bread, sliced meats, dried fruit, and other accompaniments.

Does Price Matter?

Cheese prices can range wildly, which makes it hard to figure out whether price dictates quality.

In general, if you’re buying more specialty cheeses, it’s a good idea to look to the options in the middle of the price range to get the most bang for your buck.

Another good way to check the quality of the cheese before you’re buying it? If you’re looking at European cheeses, read the label to see if it says “D.O.C.,” “A.O.C.” or “D.O.,” all of which mean the cheese meets the national quality standards of the country it’s made in—even if it’s not the most expensive option.


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